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Lipoma is a lump or a mass of lumps that grow on the human body, under the subcutaneous tissue or the skin. It is composed of fat cells and adipocytes and it is a common occurrence. They are very common occurrences but fortunately, they are not cancerous. They are not painful but they tend to distort the body, giving it ugly shapes. They are mainly not treated, since they pose no immediate health hazards, but are removed when they become painful and cause discomfort to the host. Here are more facts about lipoma.


  1. Symptoms
    Lipoma is characterized by the presence of a lump or a cluster of lumps under the skin. They do not attach themselves to the skin and they move freely. These lumps often manifest themselves on the legs, shoulders, neck, abdomen and the arms of the victim. These growths vary in size, some being the size of a pea while others are as big as footballs. Lipoma can also appear in one’s internal organs though this is a rare occurrence. Lipoma, if left undisturbed is painless, though it may cause pain to the surrounding tissue or nerves in the body.
  2. Causes
    Lipoma is mostly inherited. If someone in your family has ever had a lipoma tumor, then the chances are high that the other members will get it at some point. Other causes of lipoma are still being researched on, although one can get a lipoma tumor if the subcutaneous tissue is bruised or injured.
  3. Risk factors
    Lipoma tumors can manifest themselves at any age. They are however common in people of ages 40 to 60. Chances of getting lipoma are higher in case of the previous attack in the family if one has adiposis dolorosa disease, gardener syndrome or in case of familial multiple lipomatosis. Adiposis dolorosa results in very painful lipoma tumors, which are accompanied by psychological and neurological problems. Familial multiple lipomatosis is whereby several benign lipomas appear in various parts of the body. It is, however, a very rare occurrence. Gardner syndrome is a condition whereby benign growths develop under the skin and in various organs.
  4. Treatment
    In most cases, lipoma tumors do not necessitate treatment. However, the tumors are removed from the body if they become too painful. The tumors can be removed via surgery, liposuction or by injecting steroids, which remove the tumor by shrinking them. When lipomas are surgically removed, it reduces the chances of regression of the tumors.
  5. Complications
    In case of late treatment for lipoma, some complications may arise which can make life unbearable. However, this mostly depends on the part of the body that the tumor developed on. If the tumor manifests itself in an area where it compresses nerves, it may cause pain and discomfort as well as other medical complications. In case of this happening, the tumor should be treated immediately. The tumor may also manifest itself in an area that causes physical deformity, leading to self-esteem issues.